The exact cause of Down syndrome is currently unknown. 8th Floor Eighty percent of children with either trisomy 21 or mosaicism Down syndrome are born to mothers who are younger than 35 years old. Here are 32 Down Syndrome facts. Many schools and foundations offer highly specialized classes and programs for children and adults with Down syndrome. Why Dreamscape Foundation is Talking About It The estimated incidence of Down syndrome is between 1 in 1,000 to 1 in 1,100 live births worldwide, according to the World Health Organization. It typically occurs when, at the time of conception, an extra copy of chromosome 21 — or part of its long arm … But due to higher fertility rates in younger women, … While Down syndrome remains the most common chromosomal disorder that children are born with in the United States today, the future is getting brighter for them. You could be feeling tired in the morning for any number of reasons, from not getting enough sleep to dehydration. Keep reading for some of our favorite facts about Down syndrome. Now, thanks to advancements in treatment, the majority of people with the condition will live to age 60. 2. It's caused by having a full, or partial, extra copy of chromosome 21. New developments in heart surgery, however, are helping people with the condition live longer. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. If the father is the carrier, however, the risk is about 3 percent. That means only about 5 percent of babies born with Down syndrome will die by age 1. 2. One of the surprising Down syndrome facts is that Down syndrome can be classified as any one of three specific genetic conditions. Chromosome replication errors cause Down syndrome. Down syndrome causes many distinct characteristics, like: However, each person will have different degrees of the characteristics, and some of the features may not appear at all. One out of every 700 babies born in the United States is estimated to have the condition. Someone has Down syndrome when they have three copies of their 21st chromosome. People with Down syndrome have 47 chromosomes instead of the typical 46. These distinctive signs and symptoms can include recognizable facial features, in addition to developmental and intellectual difficulties. People with Down syndrome have 47 chromosomes instead of the typical 46. New York, NY 10017, National Advocacy and Public Policy Center, Congressional Task Force on Down Syndrome, There are three types of Down syndrome: trisomy 21 (nondisjunction) accounts for 95% of cases, translocation accounts for about 4%, and mosaicism accounts for about 1%, Down syndrome is the most commonly occurring chromosomal condition. National Down Syndrome Society The American Cancer Society says patients are “many times more likely” to develop forms of the blood cancer, including acute lymphocytic leukemia or acute myeloid leukemia. This additional genetic material changes the course of development and causes the characteristics we have associated with Down Syndrome. Interested to learn more? #2 It is one of the primary clinical causes of cognitivedelay worldwide and it is not associated with any nationality, race, socio-economic status, or r… • Down syndrome is present at birth. 1. Kevin started running to demonstrate life-long health to his children. Telephone: 800-221-4602 (Monday-Friday, 9AM ET- 5PM ET) Approximately one in every 700 babies in the United States is born with Down syndrome –about 6,000 each year. get custom paper Home Tasks: Children with down syndrome have trouble in performing normal home tasks such as putting on clothes, buttoning the buttons, they loss their balance while putting on their pants. [4] Down syndrome is caused by having an extra chromosome 21. While the cause for Down syndrome is unknown, the risk increases with the mother’s age. According to the Down’s Syndrome Association, by their 50s, approximately half of the people with Down syndrome will be showing evidence of memory loss and other problems — such as loss of skills — associated with having Alzheimer’s disease. Jen Thomas is a journalist and media strategist based in San Francisco. Treatment programs often include physical, speech, and occupational therapies, life skills classes, and educational opportunities. In 1960, on average, persons with Down syndrome lived to be about 10 years old. Approximately one in every 700 babies in the United States is born with Down syndrome – about 6,000 each year; Down syndrome occurs in people of all races and economic levels; The incidence of births of children with Down syndrome increases with the age of the mother. Many of these conditions are now treatable, so most people with Down syndrome lead healthy lives, A few of the common physical traits of Down syndrome are: low muscle tone, small stature, an upward slant to the eyes, and a single deep crease across the center of the palm. Some people will have mild to moderate intellectual and developmental problems, while others might have more severe complications. Down syndrome occurs when some or all of a person’s cells have an extra full or partial copy of chromosome 21. Facts about Down syndrome: What is Down syndrome? I was diagnosed with interstitial cystitis (IC), a painful bladder disorder, when I was 16 and followed a strict recommended diet to keep my pain down. These cases of Down syndrome are the result of a random cell division event during the baby’s development. Want the 31 Facts About Down Syndrome as a PDF? • The extra chromosome 21 material may affect the physical development and learning abilities of people with Down syndrome. 8 E 41st Street Down syndrome does not occur in one race more than another. Down syndrome is the most common genetic condition. The risk of having a second child with the translocation type of Down syndrome is about 10 to 15 percent if the mother carries the genes. Click this button! #1It is named after John Langdon Down, an English doctor, who was the 1st to classify the common characteristics and traits of patients with this disorder. Down syndrome is the most commonly occurring chromosomal condition. 1-5 Down Syndrome Facts 1. He had initially referred to the condition as “Mongoloid,”, due to resemblance to the appearance of people from the Mongoloid region. We’ve compiled some facts and statistics about Down syndrome below. Here are 13 ways to get your energy…, After nearly 20 years of dating and marriage, the author of this moving personal essay lost his wife to cancer. The majority of people with Down syndrome have standard Trisomy 21. Down syndrome occurs in people of all races and economic levels. There are more than 400,000 people living with Down syndrome in the United States. Older adults with Down syndrome have increased risk for developing Alzheimer’s disease. Down syndrome is named after British physician John Langdon Down, who first described this condition in 1866. Some may live even longer. In the United States, however, black or African American infants with Down syndrome have a lower chance of surviving beyond their first year of life compared with white infants with the condition, according to the CDC. This additional genetic material alters the course of development and causes the characteristics associated with Down syndrome. There is an extra number 21 chromosome (Trisomy 21) which causes delays in physical and intellectual development. From 5-minute hacks to lifelong practices, here’s the quick guide to eliminating stress and reaching your…. Especially, when you are ready to give the birth, you should know 6 basic and general facts about Down syndrome during pregnancy naturally. But due to higher fertility rates in younger women, 80% of children with Down syndrome are born to women under 35 years of age, People with Down syndrome have an increased risk for certain medical conditions such as congenital heart defects, respiratory and hearing problems, Alzheimer’s disease, childhood leukemia and thyroid conditions. Learn about possible causes and treatments. Down syndrome is not an illness or disease (you can’t catch it), it is a genetic condition caused by the presence of an extra 21st chromosome. One in every 691 babies in the United States is born with Down syndrome. According to the National Down Syndrome Society, a 35-year-old woman has approximately a 1 in 350 chance of conceiving a child with Down syndrome. Email: [email protected], Headquarters This means that Down syndrome occurs in about 1 out of every 700 babies.1 Down syndrome—named after the English doctor, John Langdon Down, who was the first to categorize the common features of people with the condition—occurs when an individual has a full or partial extra copy of chromosome 21. • The incidence of births of children with Down syndrome increases with the age of the mother. Neither trisomy 21 nor mosaicism is inherited from a parent. That means the genetic material that can lead to Down syndrome is passed from parent to child. • Down syndrome occurs in people of all races and economic levels. From 1979 to 2003, the rate of death for a person born with Down syndrome during their first year of life fell by about 41 percent. But sometimes, itchy lips are a symptom of a less common health condition. He runs to bring awareness to the fact that people with disabilities are the largest and most underrepresented minority group in our country. Down syndrome is a genetic condition, and as such, many Down syndrome facts can help us understand about genes and the way they work in our bodies. Down syndrome is a genetic disorder caused when abnormal cell division results in an extra full or partial copy of chromosome 21. Down syndrome will affect the child’s future and parent’s finance. According to one national survey in 2015, only 57 percent of adults with Down syndrome were employed, and only 3 percent were full-time paid employees. These downloadable Fact Sheets are available to print and distribute: Down Syndrome Fact Sheet and Language Guide. Down syndrome was named for John Langdon Down. However, moms who are older than 35 are more likely to have a baby affected by the condition. As noted before, certain risk factors are associated with having Down’s syndrome. When she’s not dreaming of new places to visit and photograph, she can be found around the Bay Area struggling to wrangle her blind Jack Russell terrier or looking lost because she insists on walking everywhere.